[outline]

Similar Words

  • Judging, Judgment
    • Biblical Definitions
      • to pronounce a person’s acts as evil (John 7:24)
      • to pronounce a person as evil (James 4:11)
        • The Bible clearly believes this is wrong because this is the same definition as condemnation, which Jesus Himself did not want to but had to do (John 3:17).
      • Greek word
        • Krino
        • Krima
      • Disciples of Christ will judge non-believers and demons.
    • Condemning, Condemn, Condemnation
      • Biblical Definition
        • to pronounce a person as evil (Romans 2:1)
      • Greek words
        • Katadikazo
        • Katakrino
      • Rebuking, Admonishing, and Exhorting
        • Biblical Definition
          • teaching, reproving, correcting, training, and judging acts
        • Greek word
          • Rebuking
            • Epitimao
          • Admonishing
            • Noutheteo
          • Exhorting
            • Parakaleo

How to Judge, Rebuke, Admonish, Exhort, and Teach

  • By Judging Christians Only
    • I Corinthians 5:12—For what have I to do with judging outsiders? Is it not those inside the church whom you are to judge?
  • By Judging the Act, Not the Person
    • James 4:11-12—Do notspeakagainstoneanother,brethren. He whospeaksagainst abrotherorjudges hisbrother,speaksagainst thelaw andjudges thelaw; butif youjudge thelaw, you are not adoer of thelaw but ajudge of it.12 There is onlyoneLawgiver andJudge, the One who isable tosave and todestroy; butwho are you whojudge yourneighbor?
      • Verse 11 is not telling us to never judge. Krino is the Greek word used here, and also in John 7:24 which tells us to judge. Instead, James 4 is teaching about not judging people to start quarrels (James 4:1) or because we are proud, wanting to feel good that we are right and they are wrong (James 4:6). We aren’t ever to judge the person’s eternal heart state.
    • Romans 2:1-3—Therefore youhavenoexcuse,everyone of you whopassesjudgment, for in thatwhich youjudgeanother, youcondemnyourself; for you whojudgepractice thesamethings.2 And weknow that thejudgment ofGodrightlyfalls uponthose whopracticesuchthings.3 But do yousupposethis,Oman, when youpassjudgment onthose whopracticesuchthings anddo thesame yourself, that you willescape thejudgment ofGod?
      • Just like in James 4:11-12, we aren’t ever to judge the person’s eternal heart state because we ourselves sin (Romans 2:1). In addition, God always judges perfectly a human’s eternal heart state (Romans 2:2). The chapter of Romans 2 is directed at Jews who believed they did not need Jesus’ free gift of grace but instead thought that their way to heaven was based on following God’s law alone. Paul was trying to telling them that just because they judged others does not mean that they will escape God’s judgment; they too needed Jesus’ grace (Romans 2:3) to be saved from their own sins.
    • Matthew 18:15—”If your brothersins, go and show him his fault in private; if he listens to you, you have won your brother.
  • Non-hypocritically
    • Luke 6:37,42—”Judge not, and you will not be judged; condemn not, and you will not be condemned; forgive, and you will be forgiven;42How can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, let me take out the speck that is in your eye,’ when you yourself do not see the log that is in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take out the speck that is in your brother’s eye.
      • Verse 37 is not telling us to never judge. Krino is the Greek word used here, and also in John 7:24 which tells us to judge. Instead, we see that this verse is telling us to not judge hypocritically because 4 verses later in Luke 6:41-42, Jesus teaches about judging hypocritically.
    • Romans 2:3—Do you suppose, O man—you who judge those who practice such things and yet do them yourself—that you will escape the judgment of God?
  • With Righteousness
    • John 7:24—”Do not judgeaccording to appearance, but judge with righteousjudgment.”
  • With Love
    • Ephesians 4:15—but speaking the truth in love, we are to grow up in all aspects into Him who is the head, even Christ,
  • With Patience
    • II Timothy 4:2—preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, exhort, with greatpatience and instruction.
  • With Gentleness
    • Galatians 6:1—Brothers, if anyone is caught in any transgression, you who are spiritual should restore him in a spirit of gentleness. Keep watch on yourself, lest you too be tempted.
  • With Authority
    • Titus 2:15— Declare these things; exhort and rebuke with all authority. Let no one disregard you.
  • Directly
    • Proverbs 27:5-6—Better is open rebuke than hidden love. Faithful are the wounds of a friend; profuse are the kisses of an enemy.
  • With Church Leaders Instead of Worldly Judges
    • I Corinthians 6:1,4-6—Does anyone of you, when he has a caseagainst his neighbor, dare to go to lawbefore the unrighteous and not before the saints?4Soif you havelawcourts dealing with matters of this life, do you appoint them as judges who are of noaccount in the church? 5 I say this to your shame. Is it so, that there is not among you onewisemanwho will be able to decidebetween his brethren, 6 but brothergoes to law with brother, and that beforeunbelievers?

Other Verses

  • 2 Timothy 3:16—All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work.
  • Leviticus 19:17— “You shall not hate your brother in your heart, but you shall reason frankly with your neighbor, lest you incur sin because of him.
  • Revelation 3:19—Those whom I love, I reprove and discipline, so be zealous and repent.
  • Proverbs 27:17—Iron sharpens iron, and one man sharpens another.
  • Matthew 18:15-17—If your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault, between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have gained your brother. But if he does not listen, take one or two others along with you, that every charge may be established by the evidence of two or three witnesses. If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church. And if he refuses to listen even to the church, let him be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector.
  • I Timothy 5:20— As for those who persist in sin, rebuke them in the presence of all, so that the rest may stand in fear.
  • Proverbs 28:23—Whoever rebukes a man will afterward find more favor than he who flatters with his tongue.