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Definition

  • The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are all God while there is only one God.
    • Galatians 3:20—Now an intermediary implies more than one, but God is one.
    • Isaiah 6:8—And I heard the voice of the Lord saying, “Whom shall I send, and who will go for us?” Then I said, “Here I am! Send me.”
    • II Corinthians 13:14—The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all.
  • Jesus is God’s begotten Son.
    • In John 3:16, begotten was originally the Greek word monogenes, which means “of the same nature, kind or sort.”

Characteristics

  • All Three
    • co-existing
    • co-equal
    • co-eternal
  • Father
    • Creator
    • Above Jesus and the Holy Spirit
    • main source of love (II Corinthians 13:14)
    • main source of all power
      • John 10:29— My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all, and no one is able to snatch them out of the Father’s hand.
    • Jesus
      • Lord
      • Above the Holy Spirit
      • revealer of love
        • through life and death and resurrection
      • main source of grace (II Corinthians 13:14)
    • Holy Spirit
      • Guide
      • guider to love
        • through calling, regeneration, and sealing
      • main source of fellowship (II Corinthians 13:14)

Explanations

How

  • While there are three physically separate Beings, the three Godheads are the same in mind and nature so that they function as one Being.
    • Example: If a person cloned himself twice and each clone had the same mind as the first, they would still be physically three people; but because they have the same mind, they are also one person, in essence. The only reason why they would be different is because of experiences; but the Trinity has had all necessary experiences.
    • Example: If two beings knew everything and could do everything, wouldn’t they essentially be the same Being?
    • Example: If we lived in a 2d world, it would be hard for us to see how six squares make one cube. In the same way, because God is not in the third dimension, three Beings can make one God.

Why

  • One God chooses to exist as three Beings because fellowship is better than being alone, and unity is better than division.
  • God must be pure and without sin (Father), but only a holy Being can pay for our sins by temporarily taking our sins on the cross (Jesus).

FAQ

  • How can Jesus be the Son of God and God?
    • Jesus isn’t literally the Father’s son, in the sense that the Father gave birth to Jesus. He is the Son in the sense that He listens to and is subordinate to the Father. This can all be true while still being of the same mind and nature of the Father. They have the same mind and nature because they are omniscient and omnipotent. If two beings knew everything and could do everything, wouldn’t they essentially be the same Being?