Summary

Although denominations are allowed (Romans 14:3) and decentralized churches are encouraged (Mark 9:38-39), many would agree it’s not ideal for unity (I Corinthians 1:10). The following details the strengths and weaknesses of the various churches.

Endorsements

Most Christians believe denominations are healthy so long as they believe in the Gospel, especially in the divinity of Jesus Christ.

Concepts

Understanding Denominations

Why did God allow denominations?

Although denominations are allowed (Romans 14:3) and decentralized churches are encouraged (Mark 9:38-39), many would agree it’s not ideal for unity (I Corinthians 1:10). God allowed these divisions because they allowed various truths about God to flourish and not die out due to church pride. Evangelicals boldy preach the Word (II Timothy 4:2) and have a personal relationship with Jesus (John 15:15). Charismatics ecstatically pray to the Holy Spirit (Jude 1:20) and prophecy into others’ lives (I Corinthians 14:1). Catholics revere the Holy Father in the Eucharist (Luke 22:19) and evangelize as the largest denomination (II Timothy 4:5). Orthodoxy’s rich history stays true to their soul (I Corinthians 11:2), and are loyal through baptism to the King (Acts 8:12).

Historic Protestants

Modern Protestants

Catholics

Orthodox

Examples

Baptists, Evangelicals

Pentecostals, Charismatics

N/A

Russian, Eastern

North America

Africa

South America, Europe

Asia

Reading Bible, Fellowship

Prayer

Eucharist, Confession

Baptism, Repentance/Forgiveness

Trinitarian Focus (Matthew 28:19)

Son (Jesus)

Holy Spirit

Father

Father

Love (Luke 10:27)

Mind

Heart

Strength

Ministry (Eph. 4:11)

Pastors and Teachers

Apostles and Prophets

Evangelists

Apostles and Teachers

God’s Role

Friend

Father

King

Fruit of the Spirit (Gal. 5:22-23)

Love, Kindness, Gentleness

Patience, Self-control

Peace, Faithfulness

Purpose (I John 3:18)

Truth

Deeds

Deeds

Truth

Uniting Denominations

Uniting Historic and Modern Protestants

See “How can Historical Protestants unite with Modern Protestants?

FAQ